There are so many companies, articles and ads that prompt us to buy skin care products that it becomes confusing to understand what our skin really needs! I personally have ultra-sensitive skin and sun allergy (Yep, it sucks!) so my face tends to look terrible if I don’t take care of it properly. So, as a doctor and experienced skin care product consumer, I need to clarify what proper skin care means.
If you don’t want to get skin cancer when you age, use sun protection! This is even more important in children because most skin damage occurs before we reach adulthood.
What SPF should you use? Well, the American Academy of Dermatology offers the following explanation: “The SPF rating is a measure of the fraction of sunburn-producing UV rays that reach the skin. For example, “SPF 15” means that 1/15th of the burning radiation will reach the skin, assuming sunscreen is applied evenly at a thick dosage. A user can determine the effectiveness of a sunscreen “by multiplying the SPF factor by the length of time it takes for him or her to suffer a burn without sunscreen.” Thus, if a person develops a sunburn in 10 minutes when not wearing a sunscreen, the same person in the same intensity of sunlight will avoid sunburn for 150 minutes if wearing a sunscreen with an SPF of 15. It is important to note that sunscreens with higher SPF do not last or remain effective on the skin any longer than lower SPF and must be continually reapplied as directed, usually every two hours.“
Dermatologists recommend using a sunscreen with at least SPF 30, even on cloudy days. And remember: There is no safe way to tan! Tanning is basically a damage reaction to the skin caused by the sun and predisposes you to skin cancer. It is a common cancer diagnosed in the 20’s-30’s year old population because of excessive sun exposure. UV rays can prematurely age your skin and cause sun spots, wrinkles and cancer.
OK, smoking is bad for 1000’s of reasons, but it also causes premature skin aging and wrinkles. Next time you see someone who has been smoking for a while, notice their skin! Ask your doctor about quitting smoking – nowadays, there are many effective treatments to help you.
DAILY SKIN CARE
- Limit long water exposure such as long hot baths or showers because it removes your protective skin oils and changes your skin pH. Toners are usually recommended to balance your skin pH, however, no in-depth study proves that they really make a difference in skin health.
- Use gentle soaps appropriate for your skin type.
- Shave carefully.
- Pat dry, don’t rub.
- Don’t sleep with make up!
- Moisturize your skin if it’s dry.
“A healthy diet can help you look and feel your best. Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean proteins. The association between diet and acne isn’t clear — but some research suggests that a diet rich in vitamin C and low in unhealthy fats and processed or refined carbohydrates might promote younger looking skin.” – Mayo Clinic
This is easier said than done! Stress and anxiety will make your skin more prone to breakouts and other problems. Over a long period of time you will certainly notice the difference if you manage your stress better.
And that is all. Stay beautiful ❤